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Excerpt from Experimental Studies in Judgment, Vol. 22A General title, such as that given to this monograph, can give very little preliminary indication of the nature of the problems therein suggested or investigated. In the study of those mentalMoreExcerpt from Experimental Studies in Judgment, Vol. 22A General title, such as that given to this monograph, can give very little preliminary indication of the nature of the problems therein suggested or investigated. In the study of those mental processes, acts or resultants which we vaguely call judgments there are perhaps four chief problems with which special researches may be concerned:(a) The nature and mechanism of judgments. Studies which have sought for introspective ear-marks or criteria of the judgment process, - qualitative differentia between judgments and other elementary or complex states or processes or acts, belong here. Here also would belong any attempt to describe or hypothecate the physiological correlate of judgments. With these problems the studies here presented are not concerned.(b) The forms, varieties and classification of judgments. This may be conceived as a task for logical rather than for psychological inquiry. It may suffice here merely to indicate that these studies are in no primary way concerned with problems of classification.(c) The basis or perceptual criteria of typical judgments, the data which determine the content, direction, or outcome of special varieties of judgments under given conditions. Two of the studies here presented are specifically directed toward this type of problem. Thus in Chapter II, and in Chapter IX. attempts are made to discover on what data one relies when he judges the efficiency of a work process or the extent or duration of a voluntary movement.(d) The laws or behavior of judgments, and the ways in which the laws are modified or the behavior conditioned by specific variations of the judgment situation. Among these specific variations of the judgment situation may be mentioned, by way of examples, the form in which the judgment is expressed, the category employed, the nature of the material to be judged, individual, age, sex and group differences, previous practise, preceding judgments, habitual judgment tendencies, etc. On problems of this sort all of the studies here presented have more or less direct bearing.The studies have been made from a fairly definite point of view, or at least they have been actuated by a fairly permanent interest. Stated in general terms, this has been an interest in the way in which mind works rather than in what is in the mind at the moment of its operation.About the PublisherForgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.comThis book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully- any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.